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2020年全國英語等級考試三級模擬試題-公共英語模擬試題閱讀B
來源:學易網校 2020/2/10 15:37:00 【字體:放大正常縮小】【打印頁面

全國英語等級考試公共英語PETS模擬試題模擬練習題

  公共英語考試-全國英語等級考試由筆試試卷和口試試卷組成。筆試試卷和口試試卷都使用英文指導語。網校為幫助考生順利通過考試,特別整理了公共英語考試三級模擬試題供考生參考,更多備考資料可關注網校公共英語頻道或點擊網站右下角在線客服咨詢!祝各位考生順利通過考試!所有備考資料內容均來源于網絡,僅供考生參考學習!

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  If there is a song that really touches you, or has some implications for you, listening to or playing music stimulates many different parts of the brain, and also affects our bodies, why do humans have such a close relationship with music? This article talks about the relationship between music and humans from the impact of music on children and adolescents.
  text
  Think of the last time a song really moved you,or meant something to you.Listening to and playing music affects marry different sections of the brain,affecting us physically as well.Why are we as humans so connected to music?
  Making music is something that we are born with.There's a reason we refer to music as the“universal language”;there has been no known human culture without music.Dancing and music came before agriculture,and possibly even before language.The fact that whale music and human music have so much in common suggests that music may exist before humans and that we may be latecomers to the musical scene rather than being the inventors of music.
  We begin life being affected by music;babies first begin to respond to music even before their birth.Whether or not it's true,everyone has heard that playing classical music;for your baby supposedly helps him or her become smarter.A study done in the United Kingdom concluded that children were able to recognize and even preferred music that they had heard lip to three months before birth.Although it made no difference whether it was rock music or country music,the babies who were exposed to faster songs showed a stronger preference for that song than those who had heard something slower.Researchers have also found that the playing of soft background music or a mother's soft singing actually helps premature(早產的)babies.Those who were subjected to the music tended to gain weight faster and were able to leave hospitals earlier than those who weren't.However,the study in the UK uncovers no links between babies listening to music and increased intelligence or brain development.
  Another experiment at the University of California at Irvine compared the puzzle-solving abilities of 3-year-olds who were given piano lessons with the ability of others who sang,used computers,or did nothing.The children studying piano were better at the puzzles.Also,high school students with a musical background seem to do better on their SATs.Whether it's natural intelligence that helps the children excel in both music and math,or the music that helps develop other areas,you can't deny the benefits of a musical background.
  On the other hand,it's possible that some music and lyrics(歌詞)could be hard for children and teenagers.The lyrics of today's popular music are stated more and more clearly.A study oil mass media and teenagers showed that a group of 14-to 16-year-olds in 10 different southeastern cities listened to music an average of 40 hours per week.Obviously,the music they are listening to plays a large part in their lives,and especially influences self-identity.So any bad influences in the music will have a very direct effect on the teenagers.Several other experiments mentioned in the American Academy of Pediatrics'policy statement on the"Effect of Music Lyrics and Music Videos on Children and Youth"supported this idea.One study from Sweden found that children who developed a preference to rock music were more likely to be influenced by their peers than by their parents.Others showed links between a predilection for heavy metal and detrimental behaviors,including taking drugs,self-killing risk,and other risk-taking habits.The American Academy of Pediatrics(AAP)doesn't support the idea of censorship(檢查制度),but strongly encourages parents to monitor what their children are listening to.
  1、Music is regarded as the“universal language”because ______.
  A.music is important for human beings’mental and physical health
  B.music is played by people from all over the world
  C.music is of great benefits to human language
  D.music is present throughout the development of human culture
  參考答案:D
  參考解析:根據第二段music may exist before humans and that we may be latecomers to the musical scene rather than being the inventors of music。音樂可能在人類之前就已經存在,并且我們對于音樂來說只是后來人而不是開創者。可知,音樂貫穿了人類的發展史。
  2、According to Paragraph 3,what affects babies’preference for songs?
  A.The lyrics
  B.The tone
  C.The style
  D.The speed
  參考答案:D
  參考解析:根據第三段Although it made no difference whether it was rock music or country music,the babies who were exposed to faster songs showed a stronger preference for that song than those who had heard something slower.雖然音樂的種類沒有不同,但比起慢節奏的音樂來快節奏的音樂更受嬰兒們青睞。可知嬰兒對音樂的節奏比較敏感。
  3、Which of the following proves a musical background benefits children a lot?
  A.An experiment at the University of California.
  B.A study done in the United kingdom.
  C.A study on mass media and teenagers.
  D.A study from Sweden.
  參考答案:A
  參考解析:根據第四段The children studying piano were better at the puzzles.Also,high school students with a musical background seem to do better on their SATs.那些上過鋼琴課跟那些唱歌,玩電腦,或沒接受任何教育的孩子相比要好些,那些有音樂背境的高年級學生做的要好些.可知這個研究證明音樂背景有好處。
  4、The author mentioned several other experiments in the AAP’s policy statement to prove________.
  A.parents should monitor what their children are listening to
  B.music can have harmful effects on teenagers
  C.teenagers are more likely to be affected by their friends
  D.children shouldn’t be exposed to too much music
  參考答案:B
  參考解析:根據第四段The American Academy of Pediatrics(AAP)doesn't support the idea of censorship(檢查制度),but strongly encourages parents to monitor what their children are listening to.來自于瑞士一家研究發現那些偏愛搖滾樂的孩子比起他們的父母親來更容易受到同伴的影響.其它研究顯示在偏愛電子搖滾樂和有害行為的聯系,包括吸毒,冒險自殺,發生沖突及其它的一些冒險行為,AAP組織不贊同這種審查結果,但還是鼓勵家長監督他們的孩子聽的是什么內容。可知調查證明音樂內容的不同,也可能對青少年產生壞的影響。
  5、What will the author probably discuss in the paragraph that follows?
  A.More bad effects of music on teenagers’daily habits.
  B.Some experiments about music and teenagers.
  C.Tips for parents on monitoring the music their children prefer.
  D.Benefits of listening to a variety of music.
  參考答案:C
  參考解析:文章最后一段講音樂也有可能對青少年產生不良影響,AAP組織鼓勵家長監督他們的孩子聽的是什么內容。所以下文可能就會寫給出一些關于如何監督孩子聽的音樂內容的方法。

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